Psilocybe cubensisThe Psilocybe cubensis is a psychedelic mushroom. This means that the active substance in this mushroom creates euphoria, visual hallucinations and general changes in perception. In the Netherlands, this type of mushroom is also known as Mexican because it is often found in Mexico. Since the cubensis is easy to grow, it is currently one of the most popular natural psychedelics. The cubensis itself is banned in the Netherlands but the grow kits are 100% legally available.
History and namingThe introduction of the Psilocybe cubensis in the ‘modern world’ began in 1957 when Robert Gordon Wasson came to Huautla de Jiménez in Mexico and experienced a Velada session by María Sabina there. Velada is a religious ritual in which use is made of Psilocybe mushrooms. After this ‘encounter’ with the mushroom, more and more experiments took place.
The P. cubensis (Earle) Singer, a species that grows on compost, was found for the first time in Cuba. This species was first described in 1906 as Stropharia cubensis by Franklin Sumner Earle. A year later, in 1907, it was identified by Narcisse Theophile Patouillard as Naematoloma caerulescens. Much later in 1941, the mushroom was named Stropharia cyanescens by William Alphonso Murrill. These synonyms were later grouped into Psilocybe cubensis.
The generic name Psilocybe comes from the Greek word ‘psilos’, which means ‘bald’ and ‘kube’, which means ‘head’. The literal name corresponds to ‘bald head’, which probably has to do with the appearance of the mushroom. Cubensis means ‘from Cuba’.